Sinology for 21st century - Charles UniversityChinese , also known as Sinitic , [a] is a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family consisting of hundreds of local language varieties that are not mutually intelligible. The differences are greater than within the Romance languages , with variation particularly strong in the more mountainous southeast. The varieties are typically classified into several groups: Mandarin , Wu , Min , Xiang , Gan , Hakka and Yue , though some varieties remain unclassified. Some authors further divide Mandarin, Yue and especially Min. These groups are neither clades nor individual languages defined by mutual intelligibility, but reflect common phonological developments from Middle Chinese. Chinese varieties differ most in their phonology , and to a lesser extent in vocabulary and syntax. Southern varieties tend to have fewer initial consonants than northern and central varieties, but more often preserve the Middle Chinese final consonants.
Chinese - The Sinitic Languages
Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics (5 Volumes)
Sinitic Mandarin Taiwanese Mandarin Junhua. You're using an out-of-date version of Internet Explorer. Hon 3 -jyu 5. By Wolfgang Behr.
List of varieties of Chinese. Countries with more thanand scholars worldwide. The words for 'honey' and 'lion', Chinese speakers, are connected with Indo-European and were acquired through trade and early contac. Project MUSE Mission Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with librari. Bestselling Series.
ISBN These books also include a variety of perspectives, such as generative, descriptive, experimental, historical, comparative, cognitive, evolutionary, functional, sociocultural and teaching, for readers from academics to general readers. Almost every entry comes with a comprehensible introduction to the topic and a detailed bibliography. However, the quality of the books did not improve proportionally. The Blackwell Handbook excels as a first-mover and in its in depth discussion of syntax, but is not able to present a complete picture of Chinese linguistics because half of its chapters are on syntax and morphology. The Oxford Handbook keeps a balanced account of many more topics and aspects of research fields.
Classifications of Chinese varieties in the late 19th century and early 20th century were based on impressionistic criteria. They have even been accepted into Chinese, a language usually resistant to loanwords, see Languages of China. Rojak Tanglish Esperanto. For other languages spoken in China!
If you would like to authenticate using a different subscribed institution that supports Shibboleth authentication or have your own login and password to Project MUSE. Likewise, a person from Xiaogan may claim that he speaks Xiaogan dialect. All varieties of cjinese Chinese use tones to distinguish words. Most modern varieties of Chinese have the tendency to form new words through disyllabic, trisyllabic and tetra-character compounds.