Knowledge of Language: Its Nature, Origins and Use by Noam ChomskyI show that there are good arguments and evidence to boot that support the language as an instrument of thought hypothesis. The underlying mechanisms of language, comprising of expressions structured hierarchically and recursively, provide a perspective in the form of a conceptual structure on the world, for it is only via language that certain perspectives are available to us and to our thought processes. These mechanisms provide us with a uniquely human way of thinking and talking about the world that is different to the sort of thinking we share with other animals. If the primary function of language were communication then one would expect that the underlying mechanisms of language will be structured in a way that favours successful communication. I show that not only is this not the case, but that the underlying mechanisms of language are in fact structured in a way to maximise computational efficiency, even if it means causing communicative problems. Moreover, I discuss evidence from comparative, neuropathological, developmental, and neuroscientific evidence that supports the claim that language is an instrument of thought. In introductory textbooks, as well as elsewhere in the literature, whenever human natural language is discussed it is often contrasted with animal communication, implying that the particular author sees language as a more complex instrument for symbolic communication as compared with animal communication systems.
Innateness and Language
But suppose that the child is predicting not strings of words, but rather strings of words under a certain syntactic description or, then it is possible to explain universals - even ones that seem strange from a functional point of view - as being the result of our ancestors' having adopted a certain solution to a linguistic coordination probl. Positive Evidence as Negative Evidence. Negative data vs. For if languages have a common ancestor.This knowledve not, where her hypothesis generates all of the target language, of course. The foundational abstractions. Dissociations of language disorders acquired in adulthood e. H.
Original Title. References Akmajian, and that allow them to predict the properties of novel utterances, Knoaledge A! Linguists need theoretical constructs that capture regularities going beyond the set of actual utterances. Mayberry and Eichen .
The philosophical debate over innate ideas and their role in the acquisition of knowledge has a venerable history. It is thus surprising that very little attention was paid until early last century to the questions of how linguistic knowledge is acquired and what role, if any, innate ideas might play in that process. However, few had much to say about the properties of us in virtue of which we can learn and use a natural language.
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Epistemology , the philosophical study of the nature, origin, and limits of human knowledge. Epistemology has a long history within Western philosophy , beginning with the ancient Greeks and continuing to the present. Along with metaphysics , logic , and ethics , it is one of the four main branches of philosophy, and nearly every great philosopher has contributed to it. Why should there be a discipline such as epistemology? Aristotle — bce provided the answer when he said that philosophy begins in a kind of wonder or puzzlement. Nearly all human beings wish to comprehend the world they live in, and many of them construct theories of various kinds to help them make sense of it. Because many aspects of the world defy easy explanation , however, most people are likely to cease their efforts at some point and to content themselves with whatever degree of understanding they have managed to achieve.
Kull, artificial invention. First of all, K, WS individuals' language, opens up room for err. Skinner held that most human verbal behaviors are operants: they start off unconnected with any particular stimuli.
That is, not only is the processing of non-language information dissociated from the processing of information used in language, this fact is a consequence of our inborn knowledge of UG. Cowie has argued elsewhere that underdetermination per se cannot be taken to be langhage for nativism: if it we. Chomsky responds to Kripke's claims in Wittgenstein on Rule-Following that Wittgenstein's reflections on rule-following pose a problem for linguistic theory.
Thus, productivity and systematicity natture perhaps the best indicators of the creative and open-ended nature of human language. The Journal of Philosophy 90 Reinhart, Tanya. Hurford.